Three in One
I know the word Trinity is not in the Bible, but I thought it might be interesting to show where the Bible does speak about the Triune nature of God. It was kind of sparked off because of a conversation I was having with a fellow christian who did not believe Jesus was eternal, or believe that Jesus was God. I find it interesting that the Holy Spirit doesn’t get much of a look in on being God either.. it always seems to be Jesus deity that gets called into question and the Holy Spirit is some kind of afterthought…but I just wanted to show where Jesus and the Holy Spirit are all part of the nature of God in the sense of God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit.. 3 in 1.
Firstly, since we have no human comparisons, the problem for some come as ‘well, if God is One, how can one God be the Father, Son and Holy Spirit at the same time?’ … We know one to be one, not three.. so it is difficult to understand in our own human logical thinking, therefore to us, it is some kind of mystery… so we rely on what scripture teaches as well as the Holy Spirit to show us the truth.
Here is the approach:
1. The Bible teaches that God is one (monotheism) and that He possesses certain attributes that only God can have.
2. Yet when we study the attributes of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, we discover that all three possess the identical attributes of deity.
3. Thus we can conclude that there is one God eternally existing as three distinct persons.
I’ll share some scriptures to show these attribute:
God is One
Old Testament: Deut 6:4, Isa 43:10; 44:6; 46:9
New Testament: James 2:19, 1 Tim 2:5, 1 Cor 8:4, Eph 4:4-6
God Has a Certain NatureBoth the Old and New Testaments list the attributes of God. We won’t consider all of them here, but what follows are some of the clearest expressions of what constitutes deity.
God is omnipresent (present everywhere at once): Psalm 139:7–10; Jeremiah 23:23–24
God is omniscient (possesses infinite knowledge): Psalms 139:1–4; 147:4–5; Hebrews 4:13; 1 John 3:20
God is omnipotent (all-powerful): Psalm 139:13–18; Jeremiah 32:17; Matthew 19:26.
The Father Is God
To the Jews, who do not accept the Trinity, God is Yahweh. In the Old Testament, Yahweh is to the Hebrews what Father is in the New Testament and to Christians. The attributes of God (Yahweh) listed above are the same for Yahweh and Father because both names apply to the one God. Although the concept of God as Father is not as explicit in the Old Testament as it is in the New, nevertheless, it has its roots in the Old (see Pss. 89:26; 68:5; 103:13; Prov. 3:12).
In the New Testament, the concept of the Father as a distinct person in the Godhead becomes clear (Mark 14:36; 1 Cor. 8:6; Gal. 1:1; Phil. 2:11; 1 Pet. 1:2; 2 Pet. 1:17). God is viewed as Father over creation (Acts 17:24–29), the nation of Israel (Rom. 9:4; see Exod. 4:22), the Lord Jesus Christ (Matt. 3:17), and all who believe in Jesus as Lord and Savior (Gal. 3:26).
The Son Is God
Like the Father, Jesus possesses the attributes of God. He is:
Omnipresent: (Matt. 18:20; 28:20).
Omniscient: He knows people’s thoughts (Matt. 12:25), their secrets (John 4:29), the future (Matt. 24:24–25), indeed all things (John 16:30; 21:17).
Omnipotent: He has all power over creation (John 1:3; Col. 1:16), death (John 5:25–29; 6:39), nature (Mark 4:41; Matt. 21:19), demons (Mark 5:11–15), and diseases (Luke 4:38–41).
In addition to these characteristics, Jesus exhibits other attributes that the Bible acknowledges as belonging only to God. For example, He pre-existed with the Father from all eternity (John 1:1–2), accepted worship (Matt. 14:33), forgave sins (Matt. 9:2), and was sinless (John 8:46).
The Holy Spirit Is God
The Holy Spirit is also
Omnipresent (Ps. 139:7–10),
Omniscient (1 Cor. 2:10), and
Omnipotent (Luke 1:35; Job 33:4).
Like Jesus, the Holy Spirit exhibits other divine attributes that the Bible ascribes to God. For instance, He was involved in creation (Gen. 1:2; Ps. 104:30), inspired the authorship of the Bible (2 Pet. 1:21), raised people from the dead (Rom. 8:11), and is called God (Acts 5:3–4).
So to summarise:
Only God is omnipresent, omniscient, and omnipotent.
The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are omnipresent, omniscient, and omnipotent.
Therefore, God is triune as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
Just one note on Jesus… when he became flesh (The Son of Man) this did not mean that he was no longer God.
Quote from Defending your Faith by Dan Story:
In Philippians 2:5–8 we read that Jesus emptied himself and made himself of no reputation. Jesus did not give up any of His divine attributes. Rather, He gave up His divine glory (see John 17:5) and voluntarily chose to withhold or restrain the full use of His divine attributes.
There are numerous instances in Scripture where Jesus, although in human form, exhibits the attributes of deity. If Jesus had surrendered any of His divine attributes when He came to earth, He would not have been fully God and thus could not have revealed the Father as He claimed to do (John 14:7, 9).