Different beliefs from around the world

I don’t know about you, but quite often when in discussion regarding Christianity, I come across many different ‘isms’ which are used to describe a certain doctrine belief. It is highly likely that many of them I come across, I have no idea what they represent and have to go and look up.

Here are a few of those ‘isms’ that you may come across – keep in mind that many of these are false teachings and do not represent the true meaning of who God is or what scripture teaches:

Adoptionism

The teaching that Jesus lived as an ordinary man until his baptism, at which time God “adopted” him as his “Son” and conferred on him supernatural powers; this teaching thus denies Jesu’s preexistence and divine nature.

Amillennialism

The view that there will be no literal thousand-year bodily reign of Christ on earth prior to the final judgment and the eternal state; on this view, scriptural references to the millennium in Revelation 20 actually describe the present church age.

Annihilationism

The teaching that after death unbelievers suffer the penalty of God’s wrath for a time, and then are “annihilated,” or destroyed, so that they no longer exist. Some forms of this teaching hold that annihilation occurs immediately upon death.

Apollinarianism

The fourth-century heresy which held that Christ had a human body but not a human mind or spirit, and that the mind and spirit of Christ were from the divine nature of the Son of God.

Arianism

The erroneous doctrine that denies the full deity of Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit.

Arminianism

A theological tradition that seeks to preserve the free choices of human beings and denies God’s providential control over the details of all events. Arminianism teaches free will rather than predestination.

Calvanism

A theological tradition named after the sixteenth-century French reformer John Calvin (1509–64) that emphasizes the sovereignty of God in all things, man’s inability to do spiritual good before God, and the glory of God as the highest end of all that occurs.

Compatibilism

A theological tradition named after the sixteenth-century French reformer John Calvin (1509–64) that emphasizes the sovereignty of God in all things, man’s inability to do spiritual good before God, and the glory of God as the highest end of all that occurs.

Deism

Deists believed in an infinite, personal God who created the world and the natural laws that sustain it. Deists taught, however, that after this initial creative act, God withdrew to allow the universe to operate unaided by further divine interference. Thus supernatural actions, such as miracles, never occur.

Determinism

The idea that acts, events, and decisions are the inevitable results of some condition or decision prior to them that is independent of the human will.

Dispensationalism

A theological system that began in the nineteenth century with the writings of J. N. Darby. Among the general doctrines of this system are the distinction between Israel and the church as two groups in God’s overall plan, the pretribulational rapture of the church, a future literal fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies concerning Israel, and the dividing of biblical history into seven periods or “dispensations” of God’s ways of relating to his people.

Docetism

The heretical teaching that Jesus was not really a man but only seemed to be one (from the Greek verb ????? (G1506), “to seem, to appear to be”).

Dualism

The idea that both God and the material universe have eternally existed side by side as two ultimate forces in the universe. It implies that there is an eternal conflict between God and the evil aspects of the material universe.

Fatalism

A system in which human choices and human decisions make no real difference because things will turn out as they have been previously ordained. This is in contrast to the doctrine of election, in which people make real choices that have real consequences and for which they will be held accountable.

Materialism

The view that the material universe is all that exists.

Modalism

The heretical teaching that holds that God is not really three distinct persons, but only one person who appears to people in different “modes” at different times.

Naturalism

This philosophy asserts that the universe is all there is and ever was and that all within it operate according to eternal, universal, unchanging natural laws. All of reality can be understood in terms of natural processes. There are no supernatural beings or supernatural events such as miracles and answered prayer. There is no God.

Paedobaptism

The practice of baptizing infants (the prefix “paido-” is derived from the Greek ????, G4090, “child”). (49B.4)

Pantheism

The idea that the whole universe is God or part of God.

Perfectionism

The view that sinless perfection, or freedom from conscious sin, is possible in this life for the Christian.

Polytheism

Polytheism is an ancient religious practice that believes in the existence of numerous personal gods and goddesses. These beings are finite, in the sense that they arose from sexual relationships or from the life forces of nature itself, and generally they rule over specific domains.

Postmodernism

In postmodernism, absolute truth is non-existent. “Truth” is subjective in that it is directly related to one’s cultural beliefs and experiences.

Postmillennialism

The view that Christ will return to the earth after the millenium. In this view, the millennium is an age of peace and righteousness on the earth, brought about by the progress of the gospel and the growth of the church.

Pluralism

A tollerance for other religions stating that each person is entitled to their own belief and accepting that some form of truth is in all religions.

Secular Humanism

Secular humanists believe that all religions were created by people. They consider people, rather than God, supreme in the universe. Their worldview seeks to push religious thought and life to the outer perimeter of human concerns—if not eliminate them altogether.

Subordinationism

The teaching that the Son was inferior or “subordinate” in being to God the Father.

Tritheism

The belief that there are three gods.

Universalism

The doctrine that all people will ultimately be saved. Read more on Universalism

These are just a few of the many ‘isms’ around. I will look deeper into some of these teachings, and post on them from a biblical pespective.

Some sources of the ‘isms’ posted is from Wayne Grudems – Systematic Theology and Dan Storys – Christianity on the offense.